Organic chemistry

Hydrocarbon mathane

Aliphatic hydrocarbons

1. Alkanes (Saturated Hydrocarbons)

  •      Structural Isomerism
  •      IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry) nomenclature of alkanes
  •      Properties of Alkanes
  •      Reactions of Alkanes
    •      Alkyl Halides

2. Alkenes and Alkynes (Unsaturated Hydrocarbons)

  •      Cis–Trans Isomerism
  •      Reactions of Alkenes and Alkynes

3. Aromatic Hydrocarbons

  •      Naming Aromatic Hydrocarbons
  •      Properties of Aromatic Hydrocarbons
  •      Reactions of Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Alcohol general structure

1. Alcohols
      Naming and Drawing Alcohols
      Properties of Alcohols
      Reactions Involving Alcohols
2. Ethers
      Naming Ethers
3. Thiols


The Carbonyl Group

Aldehydes and ketones both contain the carbonyl group.

Carboxylic acid general structure

Carboxylic Acids

A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group, –COOH.

Carboxyl group - a carbon atom that is double-bonded to 1 oxygen atom and single-bonded to a hydroxyl group.

When a carboxylic acid is in aqueous solution, a hydrogen ion may be removed from the carboxyl group relatively easily.

Amine 2D general structure


An amine is a derivative of ammonia (NH3) in which one or more of the hydrogen atoms are replaced with alkyl groups.