Organic chemistry

Hydrocarbon mathane

Aliphatic hydrocarbons

1. Alkanes (Saturated Hydrocarbons)

  •      Structural Isomerism
  •      IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry) nomenclature of alkanes
  •      Properties of Alkanes
  •      Reactions of Alkanes
Alcohol general structure

1. Alcohols
      Naming and Drawing Alcohols
      Properties of Alcohols
      Reactions Involving Alcohols
2. Ethers
      Naming Ethers


The Carbonyl Group

Aldehydes and ketones both contain the carbonyl group.

Carboxylic acid general structure

Carboxylic Acids

A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group, –COOH.

Carboxyl group - a carbon atom that is double-bonded to 1 oxygen atom and single-bonded to a hydroxyl group.

Amine 2D general structure

Types of amines – primary, secondary, tertiary, quarternary amines

An amine is a derivative of ammonia (NH3) in which one or more of the hydrogen atoms are replaced with a substituent groups such as an alkyl or aryl groups.

Amide structure

Amide structure

Amide - an organic compound that contains a carbonyl group (-CO-) bonded to a nitrogen atom.


A polymer is a very large molecule that is built from monomers (the repeating units that make up a polymer).

Many different biomolecules, such as DNA, proteins, and carbohydrates, are polymers.